1. Framework - A structure for discovery science

Discovery science is a step-by-step guide or framework for conducting rapid agile science, with a clear guiding path to maximise unexpected discoveries and at the same time keep science lean and efficient. Figure 1 lays out the Discovery Science framework visually. It is designed to guide scientific discovery by starting at the top, with the research idea node and typically working rightwards around the large circle. Once the research idea or question is clear and various aspects about whether it is a worthwhile research question have been worked out, the project is ready for some rapid testing.